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海洋局二所连涛博士在我室报告
来源:LASG    访问次数:    更新时间:2017-4-17

2014-2016厄尔尼诺事件机制分析

连涛 博士
国家海洋局第二海洋研究所

2017年4月17日(星期一)9:30
科研楼303会议室

报告会主持人:段晚锁 研究员

【报告简介】

The 2015/2016 El Niño was one of the strongest El Niño events in history, and this strong event was preceded by a weak El Niño in 2014. This study systematically analyzed the dynamical processes responsible for the genesis of these events. It was found that the weak 2014 El Niño had two warming phases, the spring-summer warming was produced by zonal advection and downwelling Kelvin waves driven by westerly wind bursts (WWBs), and the autumn-winter warming was produced by meridional advection, surface heating as well as downwelling Kelvin waves. The 2015/2016 extreme El Niño, on the other hand, was primarily a result of sustained zonal advection and downwelling Kelvin waves driven by a series of WWBs, with enhancement from the Bjerknes positive feedback. The vast difference between these two El Niño events mainly came from the different amount of WWBs in 2014 and 2015. As compared to the 1982/1983 and 1997/1998 extreme El Niño events, the 2015/2016 El Niño exhibited some distinctive characteristics in its genesis and spatial pattern. We need to include the effects of WWBs to the theoretical framework of El Niño to explain these characteristics, and to improve our understanding and prediction of El Niño.

 
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